At war, and with no water
The disruption of the access to water and the deterioration of sanitation are almost omnipresent in all conflicts. In general, this is a little known aspect that extends suffering beyond combat areas. It is the case of the eastern zone of Ukraine, described in the short film War and Water, finalist of the We Art Water Film Festival 4. There are currently 25 armed conflicts in the world and more than 75 million displaced due to violence.
War and Water, short film by Cottage (Czech Republic), finalist of the We Art Water Film Festival 4 in the Micro-documentary category.
Migration movements are the other intolerable side of wars. Syria’s most notorious displacement movement has been one of the most hurtful human tragedies of the decade, showing how difficult it is to manage the supply of food or water and facilitate hygiene to a scattered and exhausted population that has left its home destroyed or has fled from poverty. The experience of the Foundation in Lebanon, in the developed in collaboration with Acción Contra el Hambre, helped schools in the Bekaa Valley to overcome hydric stress and the lack of sanitation facilities in a region that received more than 357,000 refugees between 2017 and 2018.
The needs of those who end up in refugee camps are also a terrible consequence of wars. According to UNHCR, there were more than 70 million people displaced from their homes due to violence in 2019; among these, more than 25 million were refugees and 2.6 million of them were packed together in camps. There the needs of water and sanitation are a priority and they are difficult to meet as most of these camps are in areas with very poor access to water. One example would be the refugee camps in eastern Chad, which accommodate those displaced from the Sudanese conflicts. The Foundation collaborated with Oxfam Intermón to who were grouped in camps that ended up having three times the population of the host city.
The Sustainable Development Goal 16 Peace, justice and strong institutions, is essential to achieving all the others, but if all others are attained it will be possible to ensure peace, as all main causes of wars will have been eliminated.