Building of a clean water distribution system in Sekadau, Indonesia
Sub-district of Nanga Taman, District of Sekadau, in the West Kalimantan province, Indonesian section of the island Borneo
Direct beneficiaries: 507 (66 children under the age of 15 and 181 women), the most vulnerable inhabitants of the Senangak and Lubuk Tajau villages to the lack of water and sanitation.
Indirect beneficiaries: 1,638 (1,135 children under the age of 15 and 1,391 women), the entire population of both villages.
From March 1st, 2021 to February 28th, 2022
In the Nanga Taman sub-district, open defecation in the river flow is still practiced in 38% of the villages. These practices inevitably affect the environment, especially the quality of the river water, which has been one of the sources of the population for drinking, washing themselves and washing their clothing. Climate change has worsened this situation, as the Sekadau district is a disaster-prone area. Annually, the area experiences frequent flooding, while during the dry season, between May and October, the lack of water becomes increasingly acute and the availability of water sources is uncertain. This alternation between floods and droughts makes access to drinking water increasingly difficult for communities to manage.
On the other hand, the existing facilities, built many years ago, no longer function. Although there is a spring in the nearby hills, the lack of access to water has caused the community to fall back into the habits of the past, collecting water from unprotected, polluted surface sources such as the river, with water that is muddy and unfit for drinking. This puts them at risk of contracting diseases and increases the prevalence of stunted children.
Community members work mainly as palm oil and rubber farmers and their income is uncertain. Not everyone has the possibility of buying portable water filters and sometimes they have to buy water in the sub-district’s capital at a price that many of them cannot afford. Moreover, the capital is far away and difficult to reach on poor roads.
The villages chosen for this project, Senangak and Lubuk Tajau, are among the most vulnerable and poor. Their location is fairly remote, as it takes between two and three hours by motorbike to get to them from the district center. A total of 112 families directly depend on river water and collected rainwater for their daily needs and activities.
- In general, to reduce the incidence of diseases due to unsafe water and poor sanitation in the Sekadau district.
- Specifically, to guarantee access to 50 liters of drinking water per day to the population of the Senangak and Lubuk Tajau villages throughout the year to reduce diseases and improve overall health, especially that of children.
- To achieve the declaration of both villages as Open Defecation Free (ODF) zones.
The method for implementing this project involves community participation and empowerment at every stage of the program development based on the principle of accountability. Prior to this, those involved will be trained in the water treatment system (bio-sand filters) and sanitation technology.
The participation of the partners and the community will not only focus on construction activities, but also on socialization, training and social entrepreneurial activities. Community meetings will be held on water and sanitation, the construction system, its financing and maintenance.
The partners will participate directly in the construction of the water system. There will be a special team to supervise and provide assistance. Monitoring and assessment will be done on a routine monthly basis and will be carried out jointly with partners, local government and community representatives.
Water quality studies will be carried out and a basic village water supply system will be built by connecting spring water and distributing it to households with improved water facilities such as taps, wells, reservoirs and pipes. The water piping network will be of improved quality and will be installed and distributed to all households in the villages. In addition, the systems to be built are estimated to have a lifespan of at least 15 years.
This will be complemented by a campaign to create proper hygiene and sanitation habits, with the establishment and reactivation of existing water committees with a program of regular meetings.
In coordination with local health authorities and health volunteers, the project will also conduct awareness-raising sessions through activation activities. This activity will be the key to achieving Open Defecation Free Zone status. This project is aligned with and will support the Sekadau government's program, especially Nanga Taman sub-district, to achieve ODF rating. The water facilities installed and the Community-Based Total Sanitation (CBTS) campaign carried out will contribute significantly to achieving the target health standard.
This implementation method will prioritize the principle of sustainability so that it can continue after the end of the project and can be replicated with the social capital that has been created in the community.
To ensure the sustainability of the facilities, the community will be actively involved during preparation and construction up to taking over the maintenance of the installed facilities. The water quality tests that will be carried out are essential to ensure that the water is safe and suitable for the community.
The project will assist each village to establish and train the Water Committee on good management and technical skills to maintain the facilities. The location of the water source, the construction plan and the schedule of activities will be further discussed not only with the village government, but will also involve the Sekadau Health Office and Nanga Taman District to provide support.