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Improvements in access to water and sanitation in three villages and two schools of P. Dornala, Andhra Pradesh, India


Doronala, Andhra Pradesh

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April 2019 – March 2020


The tribal population of Nandigudem, Bayannaswamy Gudem, Marellamotu Yenugula Dinnapadu and Y.Cherlopalli, in the P. Dornala area of Andhra Pradesh, is at high risk of malnutrition, with lack of access to water and poor sanitary conditions due to socio-cultural, socioeconomic and environmental factors. These factors degrade their current living conditions and the attainment of health.

The primitive tribal groups, locally called Chenchu, who live in these villages, are innocent, illiterate and have no resources; they are therefore very vulnerable.

There is a serious problem of lack of access to water that prevails in these villages. This especially affects women who have to walk between 3 and 5 km to fill a pot of water for their family. This task increases their workload, since they have less time to concentrate on productive activities for their families and the community. In addition, due to this lack of access to water, they cannot take a bath regularly and use the bathrooms that are provided along with the houses built by Vicente Ferrer Foundation. These conditions contribute to increasing Chenchu's health problems.


To provide access to sanitation and clean water supply in Bayannaswamy Gudem, Marellamotu and Nandigudem villages.

To provide sanitation and clean water supply in Z.P. High Schools at Yenugula Dinnapadu and Y.Cherlopalli Zilla Parishad High Schools. (ZPHS, this is the name of many Government Secondary Schools in India and most particularly in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana). 

To provide access to water, thereby reducing the time and workload of people and especially women, who can then use it for community activities and income generation.

To prevent open defecation and throw light on the issues of gender equality and measures to prevent discrimination and violence against women and girls.

To build blocks of toilets and sanitation units, and develop drinking water projects in schools in villages affected by drought to reduce school drop-out and nurture the future generation of India.


Rural Development Trust (RDT) has been working in more than 3,600 villages spread across Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.  When the We Are Water Foundation agreed to collaborate with RDT, we critically analyzed the situations of different areas to take up the project.  In our analysis, we noticed that in other places the communities were strong and able to mobilize the resources from the Government. 

These villages were selected to provide water with an intent of not only reducing the women’s work load, but also to improve the health and hygienic conditions of the communities.

After a hydrological study, we could confirm that there were no perennial water sources like lakes, tanks or ponds in the area of the three villages. Therefore, water harvesting was planned by drilling the bore wells at the points determined by the study.

Regarding school sanitation, we have chosen two Government high schools to provide good toilet complexes separately for both boys and girls.  There are enough students and staff in the schools.  But, there is no sufficient number of toilets catering to the needs of the students. 

In both schools, the Government provides midday meals every day.  But, there is no access to drinking water for the students.  They are drinking the contaminated water available in the tubs in the village (the water is available in both institutions from the existing bore wells and water storage tanks done by the Government).  So, in order to provide clean drinking water, these two schools are chosen to provide safe drinking water by installing reverse osmosis (RO) plants.

Thus, from the same points, water is obtained for the toilets, as well as for the RO plants. The water samples will be sent to the analysis laboratories and, once they have received the report, the RO plants will be designed according to the quality of the water.

The project is based on the construction of a ground level tank in Nandigudem, 3 cisterns in Bayannaswamy Gudem and 2 cisterns in Marellamotu. Cisterns are prefabricated water storage tanks.

The toilet blocks and bathrooms consist of 2 separate units for boys and girls and the installation of a RO in two government secondary schools located in Yenugula Dinnapadu and in Y.Cherlopalli properly connected to the running water supply.

The project incorporates awareness through workshops for men and women, as well as for children about the importance of water, sanitation and hygiene.