An unhealthy ditch is the only water source in Yanama, in Andean Peru. Mothers need to prevent their children from drinking or bathing in its water before they boil it. They do not always succeed in doing it and diarrhea and parasite diseases are endemic amongst children. The Peruvian government has set the goal of providing the entire population with access to water and sanitation by 2021: this is Yanama's hope.
Water News and Reports
In addition to their roles as carbon sinks, forests are a decisive element for climate regulation and the maintenance of the water cycle and they are the main obstacle to desertification. The eradication of the poverty of its inhabitants is the first step to preserve this plant mass, essential to win our fight against climate change.
The inhabitants of the capital of Ethiopia suffer an endemic lack of water supply and inadequate sanitation. Addis Ababa is an example of the general situation of a country, systematically devastated by famine, where water is present but there is no access to it.
Cities can be much more than just asphalt, bricks and concrete: they can end up supplying most of the food of the future, saving water and being effective elements in the fight against climate change. Urban and peri-urban agriculture is a movement that gains strength as it is a key driver for the transformation and development of cities, and an incentive for the reuse of water.
The evaluation of the factors that define disasters caused by nature´s violent phenomena is the first step to avoid them. The understanding of the concepts of exposure and vulnerability is the base of any prevention and action policy. In all cases, the access to water and sanitation is always the core idea of any emergency actions and key factors of resilience.
The abundance of water in Nepal, the second country in the world with more water resources, contrasts with the serious access problems of nine million people, a quarter of its population. Its capital, Kathmandu, suffers the consequences of the lack of management and the pollution of rivers and aquifers. Its inhabitants fight for their water supply every day, and so does the population of many Asian cities.
Climate change and illegal logging hit the Peruvian indigenous communities, who face droughts and flooding with their ancestral culture and a determined feeling of solidarity.
Urban expansion, the demand of agricultural production, the need to evolve in political management and climate change define a crucial moment in the progress of Latin American countries, which depend on water more than ever. Sergio Bitar, Chilean engineer and former minister, explained this in the series of conferences “Water and metropolis” organized by the We Are Water Foundation and Casa Amèrica Catalunya.
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