Tanjaro: a river beyond all wars
The destruction of the Tanjaro River ecosystem shows that all is lost when water is polluted. Its recovery is also becoming an example of the difficulties of governance in a country that has not recovered from several wars. The short film Tanjaro is Dying, finalist of the We Art Water Film Festival 5, shows the disastrous consequences of the uncontrolled growth of a city in a region that has almost no memory of peace.
Bryar, the protagonist of the documentary Tanjaro is Dying, finalist at the We Art Water Film Festival 5, has spent his entire life by the Tanjaro River, located south of the city of Solimania, the capital of the Suleimaniya province in Iraqi Kurdistan. He still remembers with longing when the area was a beautiful and green tourist destination.
Tanjaro is Dying by Horen Gharib, micro-documentary finalist at the We Art Water Film Festival 5.
The case of the Tanjaro River is one of many rivers in the world that die abandoned to sewage and garbage. And with them, human activities die and people suffer. A sick river drives out the life around it. Historically, little data has been collected on the global state of freshwater ecosystems. To remedy this gap, the United Nations Environment Programme () has turned to observational technologies to track, over extended periods of time, the extent to which freshwater ecosystems are changing. Researchers have studied more than 75,000 bodies of water in 89 countries and found that were severely polluted. The result is that more than 3 billion people are at risk of disease because the water quality of their rivers, lakes and aquifers is unknown.
In the already short period that separates us from the SDGs by 2030, saving rivers must be an international priority. As some NGOs point out, less than 0.5% of the military spending on the Iraq War could have reformed sanitation and water supply facilities throughout the country.